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              Pierre Grande Guerre
              shows his
              photo impressions
              of his trips along
              the Western Front
              with his selfmade photo's,
              historic pictures,
              and maps.
              Few words,
              many pictures,
              and many links.
              Warning: Sometimes on the battlefield
              you will still find relics of explosives.
              All these shells, hand grenades, and
              mortar rounds can even nowadays still
              be very dangerous.
              Some of the artillery bombs may contain
              poison gas, which can cause severe
              blistering or worse injuries.
              In France it is by law forbidden to
              remove relics from the battlefield.
              So, it is for your own safety:
              take a picture of the steel harvest,
              but leave these relics untouched!

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              Pierre is a Dutch member
              of the Canadian
              Central Ontario Branch
              of the Western Front
              In 2015 awarded with
              a lifetime membership!
              And a member of:
              The Western Front
              Association Nederland
              This website is and
              intends to remain free
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              It has no financial benefit at
              all for its webmaster!
              Are you not familiar with
              the backgrounds & causes
              of the First World War?
              Read my 5 illustrated pages:
              Got lost? Click HERE!
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              en columns over
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              en klik op
              of ga verder naar onderaan
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              Read also:
              Pierre's BOOK REVIEWS !
              Pierre is the author
              of the Dutch book,  
              "De Rode Duivels in de
              Vogezen - 1914-1915 -
              Een geïllustreerde
              reconstructie van de
              van het 152e
              Régiment d'Infanterie" 
              Klik  voor de details
              Prijs: € 15,- pdf-versie
              LINKS TO THE SPECIAL



              Pierre's Illustrated

              WFA-NL Lecture 

              'UNCLE HANSI" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's Illustrated

              Lecture "Verdun 1916" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

              The Tactical Significance 

               of General Gaede - (Bilingual)

              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

              Botchkareva en haar

              Vrouwenbataljon (Dutch)

              Mata Hari -

              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn


              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE


              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 


              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  


              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     


              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince


              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 


              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater


              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges


              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector


              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre


              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 


              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval



              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 


              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches


              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 


              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 - Hollebeke -

              St. Elooi - Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood


              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst


              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 



              Azannes - Consenvoye
              Azannes I & II Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof
              Romagne-sous-les-Côtes Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof
              Damvillers Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof
              La Grande Montagne American Memorial
              Consenvoye Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof
               year of visit: 2009. 
              From the Destroyed Village of Ornes we continue our route along the 1916 German Jump-Off Lines to the German War Cemeteries of Azannes I, Azannes II, Romagne-sous- les- Côtes, and Damvillers. To break this possible monotony we visit the American 316th I.R. Memorial at La Grande Montagne, a former German stronghold, also known as Hill 378. We end our meandering trip with the German War Cemetery of Consenvoye along the east bank of Meuse river.
              We start at the western outskirts of Azannes-et-Soumazannes with a visit to the Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof Azannes I.
              The German military cemetery Azannes I was created at the start of the Battle of Verdun in February 1916 by German troops, when they for the first time were in need of a burial place for their dead. The majority of buried soldiers here were killed in the first three months of the battle.  Many of these men were involved in the attack at Fort de Douaumont. They belonged to six divisions, which in this area of numerous attacks and defence had to suffer particularly high losses. The Royal Bavarian Armierungsbattaillon X even created his own memorial on the cemetery. These soldiers belonged to army units of their home garrisons in Bavaria, Hesse, Saxony, Brandenburg, East Prussia, Mecklenburg, Posen and Schleswig-Holstein.
              After all this information about the cemetery,
              only some necessary words...
              The Memorial of the Royal Bavarian Armierungsbattaillon X
              (a construction battalion):
              "LOYAL INTO THE DEATH"
              BRAVE COMRADES"
              The grave of a driver of a 60 cm. railway benzol locomotive.
              (Read my previous page about the railway system; "Bezonvaux and Ornes".)
              Graves of two Leutnants.
              The Hebrew words on the grave of the Jewish Leutnant mean:
              Top: "HERE RESTS BRUNO LEVI"
              With a last view we leave the cemetery, ...
              ... and continue northward, along the D 66, to the
              Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof Azannes II.
              A communal grave for 187 soldiers oversees the cemetery.
              The German military cemetery Azannes II was created at the start of the Battle of Verdun in early March 1916 by German soldiers, when, after initial successes of the German offensive, the front had moved a few kilometres to the south. At this time, the medical units were also advancing further and did set up in the area around Azannes several dressing stations and field hospitals. One of these dressing stations used to be on the edge of a wood on the location of this cemetery.  This dressing station alone dealt during the period of 7 until 27 September 1916 with 3.500 wounded men. Those who succumbed to serious injuries, were the first to be found a final resting place on this cemetery. When the war ended in November 1918, the cemetery contained about 800 graves. After the war the French military authorities extended the cemetery significantly with the supplement of the fallen soldiers , which were found by the hundreds until 1920, during the clearing up process of the abandoned battlefield. Even nowadays human remains are recovered again due to the construction, agricultural and forestry works, and the forces of nature, like frost and defrost of the soil.
              The then reburied soldiers came from almost all the focal points of the battle: Samogneux, Thiaumont, Vaux, Romagne-s/s-les Côtes, Fleury, Douaumont, Beaumont, Mort-Homme, Côte 304, Avocourt, etc.;  from a total of 145 municipal or district areas. The soldiers, resting at  Azannes II, belonged to army units of their home garrisons in Bavaria, Hesse, Saxony, and Thuringia, or came from almost all Prussian provinces.
              Again:After all this information about the cemetery,
              only some necessary words...
              We leave and continue northward via the D 66 to the ...
              ... Romagne-sous-les-Côtes Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof.
              Next to the communal, civilian cemetery lies
              the German war cemetery.
              The German Military Cemetery Romagne-sous-les-Côtes was created with the beginning of the German attack on Verdun in February 1916 by German soldiers. (*)
              At that time the initial positions ran just 2-3 km south of Romagne. Consequently many men, fallen during  the first days of attack, rest here at the cemetery. In addition to the wounded they were brought back from the front line by combat troops . The majority of them were killed in the Bois de Chapitre, before Souville and Fleury, or at Fort de Douaumont. Others died at Damloup and near Fort de Vaux. Even before the start of the offensive several hospitals and dressing stations had been established in Romagne. Many of the severely wounded succumbed here to their injuries and also found a grave in this cemetery. The French attack in August and September 1917 again demanded heavy sacrifices and led to the evacuation of Romagne-sous-les-Côtes, which was constantly under bombardment  of French heavy artillery. This ended in August 1917. A small number of casualties from the first battles at Verdun in August 1914 were recovered from their graves in 1916 and were buried also in this cemetery. The soldiers, buried here, belonged to army units from Bavaria, Brandenburg, East and West Prussia, Mecklenburg, Pomerania, Hanover, Hesse, Baden, and Lorraine.
              ((*) Don't mix up Romagne-sous-Montfaucon, Argonne, with Romagne-sous-les Côtes.)
              Again; only some necessary words...
              A grave for a soldier of the
              "2nd Company of the Prussian "Armierungsbataillon" Nr. 8".
              AT 15-4-1916
              Against the cemetery wall rest 4 remarkable headstones.
              The grave of an Obergefreiter, a Corporal.
              A Pionier, killed on 15 June 1916.
              Two Pioniere share this grave, also killed on 15 June 1915.
              A last view over the cemetery.
              We continue westward to Damvillers,
              but we make a short detour south-westward.
              Halfway, at the crossroads of the D 19d and the D 125,
              near the village of Gibercy, 
              we have a good view at the Côte d'Horgne.
              On the right, on the higher hill top, was located the Gündellturm.
              Der Gündellturm - The Gündell Tower.
              Shortly after the German occupation of the Côte d’Horgne (353 m.) German soldiers of Pioniere Bataillon 5 started on 28 September 1914 the construction of this observation tower. That day they finished the first floor of the observation tower. The next day they constructed the second floor. On 1 October they completed the third floor and the observation cabin on it. On 2 October they continued constructing the tower with another extra 6 m. until a height of 24 m.  The Germans named the height and the tower after the Commander of the 5th Reserve Army Corps, General von Gündell.
              On 26 February 1916 Kaiser Wilhelm II visited the tower for a panorama view over the battlefield. In October 1917 members of the Reserve.I.R. 7 pulled the tower down.
              (Info: courtesy by J.C. Broek Roelofs, the Netherlands.)
              We return via the D 125 back to the D 19,
              to continue to Damvillers,  ...
              ... to turn right at the village,
              and follow the D 102 northward to the
              Damvillers Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof.
              The jump-off positions of the German 1916 offensive were located a few kilometres south of Damvillers. The Germans established in the village facilities for a large number of staffs and field  hospitals. From February to mid-September 1916 one dressing station in particular, Reserve Field Hospital No. 48, set up as a ”Leichtverwundetensammelplatz”, took care here of  about 8.400 wounded men.  Brought back dead, or succumbed to injuries, and as a result of accidents or illnesses, the number of graves of the dead augmented here rapidly. Many dead soldiers came as victims of the French counteroffensive  in August 1917 and the Franco American Meuse-Argonne Offensive of 1918.  During this time four soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian Army died and were buried here. They belonged to one of the four Austrian divisions, which were send to  the Western Front to support the German Armies in the summer of 1918. The German soldiers, who rest here, belonged to army units from almost all German countries of Imperial Germany and from  the Prussian provinces.
              There are also buried 2 soldiers of the Imperial Austrian -Hungarian Army and 2 Belgian civilians.
              Reserve Field Hospital No. 48 was situated at this location.
              "In Memory of the brave Warriors, who rest here".
              "Erected by the Reserve Feld Lazarett No. 48 1916"
              A view westward over the Damvillers cemetery.
              From the entrance of the cemetery a south-east view
              at the northern slopes of the Côte d'Horgne.
              We continue our trip,
              and from Damvillers village we follow the D 102 westward to
              La Grande Montagne - Hill 378.
              At 1 kilometre west of the La Grande Montagne Wood,
              at a location, called la Haute Chène we have this view northward.
              We follow a country road upward to
              the American Memorial of La Grande Montagne, ... 
              ... dedicated to
              the American 361th Infantry Regiment of  the 79th Division.
              This hill used to be the infamous German stronghold of Hill 378.
              Before we continue, a concise story about one of the last battles of the Great War, an almost forgotten battle,
              the Battle of La Grande Montagne.
              The Battle of La Grande Montagne (3 -7 November 1918).
              After the First Battle of the Marne in September 1914 the Germans constructed in this area on both banks of the Meuse impressive defensive positions, the Kriemhilde Line. It ran roughly from Apremont in the west until Damvillers in the east.
              Almost at the end of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive (26 September - 11 November 1918), on 23 October 1918, the Americans succeeded to conquer the villages Sivry-sur-Meuse and Consenvoye at the foot of the height of la Grande Montagne (378 m.).
              After the conquest of these villages the height of La Grande Montagne formed the first height to conquer at the east bank of the Meuse. The height is also known as Hill 378 and is also called la Haute Chène or the Borne de Cornouillers. The American soldiers dubbed the last name in “Cornwilly”.
              This bloody battle of La Grande Montagne seems almost forgotten in history.
              After defending the battlefields of Côte 304, and fighting at Montfaucon and Troyon in the Argonne , the 316th I.R. arrived in this sector on 28 October 1918. The 316th I.R. belonged to the 158th Infantry Brigade commanded by Brigadier-General Johnson, which was a part of the 79th Division and the 5th Army Corps.  They immediately started digging and constructing defensive lines.
              To sketch the dangers of these circumstances I show you some excerpts from the 1919 war journal of 316th I.R.:
              In the early night of 3 November Major Manning is ordered to begin “an offensive reconnaissance”. The Major and his troops know to occupy the crest of the hill in shell hole defence positions and not in trenches, but they were almost annihilated by German machine gun fire and artillery fire.
              On 4 November 1918 started officially the offensive for Hill 378  which the Americans call the La Grande Montagne Offensive or the Battle of La Grande Montagne. On their left flank they were supported by the French 15th Colonial Division and on their right flank by the American 315th I.R.. During the attack Major Parkin was seriously wounded.
              On 5 November started the failed attack of Major Manning, during which he was killed.
              At the end of the day of the 6th of November the 316th succeeded to occupy the crest of the hill, still in shell hole defence positions.
              From 9 November the 316th I.R. continued fighting northward. On the the 11th, on Armistice Day, the regiment reached a line 1 km. south of Damvillers and Gibercy.
              Although many Germans retired during the Battle of La Grande Montage northward, and although the Americans took hundreds of Germans prisoner, the exact number of German casualties is unknown.
              Out of a total of 1.936 casualties during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive the 316th I.R. counted 825 casualties during the Battle of La Grande Montagne, which counts for half of it's casualties during the whole campaign!
              Unfortunately I could not find any pictures of the heroic Majors Parkin and Manning, nor of the regiment's commanders Colonel Williams and Lt. Colonel Haedicke.
              Two commanders of the 5th Army Corps, Corps Commander General George H. Cameron and the Commander of the 79th Division, the "Liberty Division", Major General Joseph E.  Kuhn.
              Read more about this in the History of the 316th Infantry Regiment itself and click HERE .
              View the Argonne Photo Impressions and Montfaucon in particular for more info and detailed maps concerning the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
              Quite remarkable: the Memorial mentions
              3.128 casualties and 78 officers casualties.
              The "Montfaucon" side of the Memorial tells, why the German stronghold of Hill 378 has been such an important location for observations over the Meuse valley.
              The spot of the Memorial offers a panorama view over the area of the American campaign and over the battlefields from Montfaucon, towards and over the river Meuse.
              On the horizon you will detect the Doric column and the statue of the American Meuse-Argonne Memorial at Montfaucon.
              American Meuse-Argonne Memorial at the Butte de Montfaucon, Argonne.
              View the Argonne Photo Impressions and Montfaucon in particular for more detailed maps about the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
              From La Grande Montagne we continue our route
              via Sivry-sur-Meuse to Consenvoye.
              Passing Sivry-sur Meuse, a view south-westward
              over the Meuse valley to the Mort Homme.
              We near the bank of the Meuse,
              south of the village of Consenvoye.
              This French period aerial photograph shows the German barbed wire entanglements and trenches along the Meuse in and around the village of Consenvoye, which the Americans succeeded to conquer on 10 October 1918.
              Along the Meuse and the D 964, 1 km. south of the village,
              lies the ...
              ... Consenvoye Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof.
              The German military cemetery of Consenvoye was created in 1920 by the French military authorities as a collective graveyard. During the initial fighting in August 1914, during the trench warfare of the Battle of Verdun in 1916, the summer of 1917, and the period of September –November 1918, many German soldiers were buried in makeshift graves.
              German bodies were reburied here from a broad sector between Verdun and the Meuse and Henay, left and right of the Meuse. More human remains of soldiers followed, which were found during restoration works on the battlefield. This work lasted almost until the beginning of the Second World War. At this cemetery rest German soldiers of army units of almost all countries and provinces of Imperial Germany.
              There are also buried a German nurse, one Russian soldier, and 62 soldiers of the Imperial Austro-Hungarian Army.
              A mass grave, containing the human remains of 2.537  soldiers, oversees the cemetery.
              On the mass grave lies a bronze plaque with inscriptions
              in the French and German languages.
              "At 22 September 1984, for the first time in the history of both nations, the French State President and the German Bundes Chancellor met at this Soldatenfriedhof. In communal memory of the dead of both World Wars they did lay wreaths and declared: "We have reconciled. We have come to an agreement. We have become friends."
              "Auf diesem Soldatenfriedhof trafen sich am 22. September 1984 zum erstenmal in der Geschichte der beiden Völker der französische Staatspräsident und der deutsche Bundeskanzler. Sie legten im gemeinsamen Gedenken an die Toten beider Weltkriege Kränze nieder und erklärten: Wir haben uns versöhnt. Wir haben uns verständigt. Wir sind Freunde geworden."
               2.537 GERMAN SOLDIERS
               933 STAY UNKNOWN"
              The mass grave contains 24 bronze tiles ...
              ... with lists of names of fallen soldiers.
              View over the thousands of flowers of the mass grave.
              In between the graves with iron crosses, ...
              ... lie communal graves with bronze tiles, ...
              ... inscripted with lists of names.
              View from the mass grave over the Meuse, ...
              ...  to the slopes of the Mort Homme.
              Silently and impressed by these huge numbers we leave the cemetery and we end our trip along the former German lines around Verdun.

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